[13 Steps] for Planting Tomatoes: Everything You Need to Know

Tomato is one of the most consumed fruits by humans throughout the world.As you may know, it can be used for:.

  • Making salads.
  • Making stews.
  • Make sauces.
  • And many more things…

It is tremendously nutritious, and you know what? Its cultivation is not complicated at all. Although you must consider several important things to get the most out of it.

How to Plant Tomatoes Step by Step:

  • When? Spring.
  • Where? In a location with maximum sun exposure.
  • Harvest time? 2.5 months.
  • How do we prepare the soil? Ideally plowed, soft, well-drained soil (power tiller).
  • Seed spacing? Between 40 and 60 cm.
  • Substrate and fertilizer? Animal and vegetable.
  • How do we start? With seeds (more difficult) or seedlings (easier).
  • Ideal irrigation option?Drip.
  • How often do we water? Daily or every other day (depending on the heat). Between 30 and 60 minutes (depending on heat).
  • What does it require? Drained soil and lots and lots of sunlight.
  • What do we plant next to it? Onions, garlic, lettuce, carrots, nasturtium and broccoli.
  • What should we NOT plant next to it? Potatoes and cabbages.
  • What are common diseases? Whitefly, spider mites, fungus, spider mites.

How to grow tomatoes step by step

Step 1: Buy certified seeds

Start by buying certified seeds or even take some of your tomatoes. We recommend that you don’t wash the seed; dry it a bit with a paper towel and sow it directly.

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Step 2: Prepare a pot or potting soil

Prepare a seedbed or use recyclable containers, such as egg cartons, clean small plastic pots or bottles cut in half.Just make sure they are clean and have holes for drainage.

Step 3: Buy quality substrate

Buy a good quality substrate, ask about its properties and evaluate your options. We can recommend you to buy this one on Amazon.The substrate is something vital when it comes to maximizing our tomato production.

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Step 4: Place two seeds in each container or pot.

Place at least two seeds in each container, you can plant them not too deep (one centimeter deep is more than enough).

Step 5: Lightly moisten the substrate

Moisten the substrate slightly (do not drown the plant) and cover the container with plastic wrap to prevent moisture from escaping too quickly.

Then you can find a convenient space in your home where you can check it frequently (it is not necessary to have a lot of light at this point) and keep the substrate moist.

Step 6: About 8-10 days to see the first sprouts

After about 8 to 10 days, you can start to see the sprouts; at this point, you should place the plants in a spot with a lot of light (taking care of the cold currents) or use light lamps near them (about 5-10 cm away).

If the two seeds you placed at the beginning are born, evaluate which one is the strongest and cut the other (a bit cruel but necessary!).

Step 7: Maintain a constant and moderate water flow.

Keep the water flow moderate (don’t drown them but let the substrate dry out). One of the best ways to water tomato plants is by drip irrigation. Drip gets plenty of water to the roots without flooding them.

Plus we can save a lot of water.

Step 8: After 6-8 weeks….

After 6-8 weeks and when the cold is gone (or in case you live in a Tropical climate, you wait until your plants are a good size) you can place your plants in the space where they will eventually grow.

You don’t need to transplant yet, but you need to get them used to their new space; you can start on sunny schedules of 2 to 3 hours a day.

Step 9: The cold has passed

The cold is gone! Your plants are already a good size; after eight weeks, you can transplant them to their final location.

Step 10: Clean the soil

Clean the soil of weeds. If you have a power tiller or hoe, it is ideal for plowing the ground well so that it is loose and drains properly.

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Step 11: Transplant

Put materia orgánica casera como el compost or good substrate in the hole. Be sure to moisten (not puddle) the hole and insert the seedling you have. Cover carefully, until only the stem is visible.

Step 12: Finally, straw mulch + abundant water + sun.

To finish and watch our tomato plants grow, mulch the soil with straw. It will greatly prevent weed growth.

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Step 13: Daily drip watering

If possible, two times a day, about 20-30 minutes, if you have a timer. Otherwise, only once for about 40 minutes.

Watering will depend a lot on the ambient temperature and how you see your tomato plants. If you have fallen leaves, increase the daily water flow. It is highly recommended not to puddle the soil when watering and not to wet the leaves. Make sure they receive a good amount of light daily.

In general, tomato plants are ideal plants to grow in an urban garden.The reason is that if you have a little space, sunlight for several hours of the day, and a few pots, you can fill your home garden with tomatoes of all kinds. You don’t need much more than this.

The tomato is a widespread type of fruiting vegetable throughout the world.

The reason? The enormous possibilities it gives in the kitchen. Virtually all cultures use tomatoes in cooking to a greater or lesser extent; either as a side dish, sauce, or delicacy.

In the following article, we will see in detail how to plant tomatoes and be able to have a good harvest in our garden.

Taking care of a living thing, watching its growth, development and eventually enjoying its fruits can be nothing less than exciting. For that reason, it is an activity enjoyed by people of any age, gender, and nationality; planting is just a taste that unites us all (just like eating!).

Control over what we grow guarantees us freedom from pesticides and dubious chemicals applied to our food.

They are opening the healthy window of organic products and their outstanding and enhanced flavor.

There are different types of planting, each with varying levels of difficulty, space, care, and climatic needs. One that many experts will agree is one of the most rewarding: the cultivation of tomatoes.

Did you know…There is a tomato in the Guinness Book of Records.

The heaviest grown tomato in history was produced by an American farmer named Gordon Graham in 1986, weighing in at 3.51 kilograms!

Could you break this record?

Different origins according to the seed

We can differentiate tomato seeds according to two types:

GMO tomatoes

They are known as transgenic or genetically modified. These are varieties that, for many experts. However, they have excellent resistance in their growth and impressive fruits; their flavor may be affected.It is more common in agriculture; it could be challenging to obtain the same results from the first generation in the second.

Hybrid Tomatoes

Although often confused with genetically modified, this type of seed refers to plants pollinated by different varieties of tomato—results in variable characteristics in both the plant and its fruit.

Although they are not difficult to plant and harvest.

Keep in mind that the fruits and plant types can vary from one generation to the next so that they can be a nice momentary experiment.

Open pollinated

Refers to seed varieties that come from plants whose pollination has been controlled, for example, in greenhouses where only one specific tomato variety was present.

And although it sounds like an elegant process, your garden plants may end up creating this type of seed.

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Hariloom or Heiresses

They are the queens of the seeds and acquire their name by the purity of their obtaining.

This type of seeds is the most expensive and sought after, as they represent the plants that existed before genetic modification or crosses.

They are supposed to be 100% original specimens of each of the varieties. It is considered that the flavor of the resulting fruits can only be cataloged as unique.

This variety is precisely the one found in the most critical seed banks of the world, and, as it is possible to imagine, it has no variations from generation to generation.

It is best to choose a tomato variety that is common in your region and one that you like; regardless of the technical aspects, it will be much more motivating to plant those fruits that you are eager to try.

What month is good for planting tomatoes?

We cannot grow tomatoes at any time of the year and in any place.So when should we plant tomato plants? The answer cannot be clear about it because it depends on where you are.

Tomatoes are plants that do not tolerate the cold well. Therefore, temperatures below 10ºC tend to make tomato plants suffer a lot.On the other hand, they also do not do well in extreme heat.

Temperatures of more than 40º tend to burn and dry out tomato plants relatively quickly.Depending on where you are, you will have to do a little planning. Generally, it is ideal once spring has entered where the heat increases but does not suffocate as in summer.

The reason is simple, in the beginning, the tomato plants are usually much weaker than when they have taken root and have climbed sufficiently. So spring is usually a good month because of the ideal temperatures; there is no cold and extreme heat.

In Spain, for example, an excellent month to start planting tomatoes is usually in May or April (if it is warm). June is not bad either.In other parts of the world, such as Latin America, it will depend on the beginning of spring.

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How far apart should tomatoes be planted?

It depends on the variety, but we will generally leave a distance between 40cm and 60cm. We will make some good ridges and plant the tomato plants leaving a prudent distance. It is important to plan and not plant other plants that can directly compete for the tomato.

See below

How should we prepare the soil before growing tomatoes?

The perfect substrate

Whether you are planting in pots or a small portion of your garden, it is worthwhile (and this is a general rule of gardening) to get the best possible soil. A good fertilizer is leachate.

Use a high-quality fertilizer and investigate the specific needs of the variety you are going to plant; that way, you will not only guarantee that the plant will have optimal growth, but you will improve the quality of the color, size, and flavor of the fruits.

You can go to a horse stable, where they usually have plenty of excrement.Another way to improve the soil in which you are going to plant tomatoes is to use homemade organic matter such as compost from food scraps in your home.

Buy a compost box and put everything organic in it—eggshells, fruit skins, vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, etc. You can also add iron sulfate if you think the soil lacks iron.All this, after a while, will have considerably nourished a portion of the ground, which added to animal manure, can be a perfect combination.

Soil with good drainage

Tomato plants do not tolerate that the soil in which they live does not drain water well and therefore becomes waterlogged.

What do we need to plant tomatoes?

Once you decide on a variety, there are several ways to start planting. The first thing is to organize everything you need:

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By transplant or seed?

You may find many opinions among experts as to how best to get started with the task of growing your tomato plants.

For some gardeners, beginners should start by buying a fully grown seedling and simply transplanting it to the ideal site for growth.

On the other hand, others consider tomato gardening an ideal practice to begin acquiring knowledge about how to grow a plant from seed.

It’s not a highly complex science (like other more demanding plants can be), so don’t be intimidated by the idea of starting your plants from scratch.

In case you are a more practical person and would prefer to leave the seed experience for later, keep in mind these tips for transplanting your plant:

  • Seek specimens from a local farmer, ensuring they are organic and good quality plants.
  • Ask for advice and guidance on the variety and care they give to such plants.
  • You can cut the stems closest to the root; this way, you can plant the plant deeper and give it more stability in its growth.
  • If you plant your tomatoes next to each other, make sure the plants have enough space between them.
  • Use fertilizer every 2 to 3 weeks (such as calcium nitrate) to make sure the soil holds nutrients (this is especially important for tomatoes planted in pots).
  • Clear the soil of weeds, leaves, or pests that may affect their growth.

For those who want the whole experience and wish to see their green child grow from the start, the process is simple, although it must be carried out with care:

Sowing Tomatoes by Seed

Must-know tricks for planting tomatoes

  1. Your plants will require good spacing, pots of about 5 gallons (20 liters) or about 55 cm in diameter. Remember that containers tend to leach nutrients frequently (every time you water the nutrients escape) so fertilize frequently.
  2. When the first leaves come out, we must prune those that remain on the lower part of the stem. In this way we get the tomato plant to grow much stronger.
  3. If planting in soil, leave at least60-70 cm between the plants, so that they have a good air circulation and no strong shade between them.
  4. Prune the branches close to the base if they look moribund, it is not necessary to go crazy with pruning, but evaluate it judiciously.
  5. As mentioned above,tomato plants require many hours of light. Therefore, place them in a place where the sun shines most of the day.
  6. Make sure the drainage of the pots is working properly,it is common to drown tomato plants because of this failure..
  7. Keep a constant eye on your plants, plant a few extra specimens in case some die along the way (And if they survive and you can’t have it, how about giving a tomato plant to a good friend?).
  8. When preparing the seedbed you can use any disposable container (bottles, yogurt cups, egg cartons) but you must make it a point to poke holes in them, you can make this a simple activity using a hot knife for plastics.
  9. Tomatoes, like many vegetables (even if it is a fruit)require a soil with a slightly acidic pH (6.5-6.8). If you are in doubt about what that means, check with your local nursery and they can guide you on what substrate meets these requirements.

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During growth

Tomatoes are generally climbing plants.Even the smaller varieties, such as cherry tomatoes, will surprise you with their growth and size, so giving them a rack or support pole after planting will be helpful, if not essential.

  • Avoid handling the fruits during their development (although getting involved with those little tomatoes). It is important to handle the silver as little as possible so as not to do any damage.
  • Fertilizer use (especially during the flowering season) is vital. Locate broad-spectrum fertilizers (containing nitrogen, but not in excess).
  • Too much nitrogen can lead to tomato plants that grow large and have many leaves but still do not bear fruit.
  • Avoid fertilizers containing pesticides or herbicides; it may even be advisable to get good homemade fertilizer recipes.
  • When the fruits ripen, you can cut them without fear, avoid staking the plant and use pruning shears to take each tomato, cutting diagonally along the upper stem.
  • Try to create certain habits around the care of your plant, such as watering it every morning while you drink your morning coffee or checking the leaves in the evenings when you come home from work; that way, you can prevent and attack any impending problems at the right time.

Diseases and pests of tomato


The whitefly is very common in greenhouse or indoor tomatoes; this terrible insect sucks the liquid

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